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Lost places kroatien - withDie schnellsten Rekorde — Achterbahn. Konkrete Planungen wurden aber erst angegangen. In Amerika können Eltern ihre ungezogenen Kinder tatsächlich über das Wochenende in einen Knast stecken. Der Grund dafür ist unglaublich. Im Jahr öffnete das heute dort angesiedelte Museum. In Amerika können Eltern ihre ungezogenen Kinder tatsächlich über das Wochenende in einen Knast stecken. Kupari wurde wie Dubrovnik und andere Orte im Süden Kroatiens, im Kroatienkrieg, schwer durch die serbisch-montenegrinischen Truppen zerstört siehe Schlacht um Dubrovnik. Restaurierung der Hohnekirche macht gute Fortschritte World Heritage Sites in Croatia. Medijske studije in Croatian. Verwandte Artikel Mehr vom Autor. Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Archived from the original on 4 August The Yugoslav government retained control of defence, internal security, foreign affairs, trade, and transport while other matters were left to the Croatian Sabor and a crown-appointed Ban. Croatian cuisine and Croatian wine. Archived bayern arsenal heute the original on 15 July Nach der Inbetriebnahme am Klub studenata povijesti Casino games free credit 1: A further problem is presented by invasive alien species, especially Caulerpa my casual date algae. Tourism nfllive a significant source of revenue, with Croatia ranked among top 20 most popular tourist thebes casino code in the world.
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Das Smallpox Hospital deutsch: Die ehemalige Sommerresidenz wurde im Zweiten Weltkrieg von deutschen Soldaten besetzt. Seitdem regieren dort Vandalismus und Verfall.
Konkrete Planungen wurden aber erst angegangen. Der Bau wurde von bis realisiert. Nach der Inbetriebnahme am Oktober wurde die Strafanstalt bis genutzt.
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Es handelt sich um einen Stahlskelettbau. Sie ist Teil einer vorgesehenen Fabrikanlage, in der das Bertzitverfahren zur Kohletrocknung angewendet werden sollte.
Craco ist im Mittelalter entstanden, obwohl die ersten Siedlungen bis ins 8. Der Name stammt ab von Cracen, das Brachland.
Das Gebiet wird von dem Bureau of Land Management verwaltet. Die Burg liegt auf einer kleinen Landzunge, die bei Flut zu einer winzigen Insel wird.
Die Burg ist der Stammsitz des schottischen Clans der Macrae. Unmittelbar oberhalb des Falls liegt die Gemeinde El Charquito. Des Weiteren ist die Anlage als Scheduled Monument klassifiziert.
The record represents the first document of Croatian realms, vassal states of Francia at the time. The Frankish overlordship ended during the reign of Mislav two decades later.
Tomislav was the first ruler of Croatia who was styled a king in a letter from the Pope John X , dating kingdom of Croatia to year Tomislav defeated Hungarian and Bulgarian invasions , spreading the influence of Croatian kings.
Opposition to the claim led to a war and personal union of Croatia and Hungary in , ruled by Coloman. For the next four centuries, the Kingdom of Croatia was ruled by the Sabor parliament and a Ban viceroy appointed by the king.
The Venetians gained control over most of Dalmatia by , with exception of the city-state of Dubrovnik which became independent.
Following the decisive Ottoman victories, Croatia was split into civilian and military territories, with the partition formed in The military territories would become known as the Croatian Military Frontier and were under direct Imperial control.
Ottoman advances in the Croatian territory continued until the Battle of Sisak , the first decisive Ottoman defeat, and stabilisation of borders.
Dalmatia , the southern part of the border, was similarly defined by the Fifth and the Seventh Ottoman—Venetian Wars.
The Ottoman wars instigated great demographic changes. Croats migrated towards Austria and the present-day Burgenland Croats are direct descendants of these settlers.
Most of the transferred population were Orthodox Vlachs and the peak of transferring was during the 16th century. Between and the First French Empire gradually occupied the entire eastern Adriatic coastline and a substantial part of its hinterland, ending the Venetian and the Ragusan republics, establishing the Illyrian Provinces.
This led to formation of the Kingdom of Dalmatia and restoration of the Croatian Littoral to the Kingdom of Croatia, now both under the same crown.
Its primary focus was the establishment of a standard language as a counterweight to Hungarian , along with the promotion of Croatian literature and culture.
By the s, failure of the policy became apparent, leading to the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of and creation of a personal union between the crowns of the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary.
After Austria-Hungary occupied Bosnia and Herzegovina following the Treaty of Berlin , the Croatian Military Frontier was abolished and the territory returned to Croatia in ,  pursuant to provisions of the Croatian-Hungarian settlement.
On 29 October the Croatian Parliament Sabor declared independence and decided to join the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs ,  which in turn entered into union with the Kingdom of Serbia on 4 December to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
The Yugoslav government retained control of defence, internal security, foreign affairs, trade, and transport while other matters were left to the Croatian Sabor and a crown-appointed Ban.
In April , Yugoslavia was occupied by Germany and Italy. A resistance movement soon emerged. On 22 June ,  the 1st Sisak Partisan Detachment was formed near Sisak , as the first military unit formed by a resistance movement in occupied Europe.
The political aspirations of the Partisan movement were reflected in the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia , which developed in as the bearer of Croatian statehood and later transformed into the Parliament of Croatia in , and AVNOJ —its counterpart at the Yugoslav level.
NDH was trying to fit into the Nazi ideology and tried to establish such an internal structure that would be consistent with that of the Third Reich and fascist Italy.
Shortly after, the deportations and the executions of Jews and Roma began, which were imprisoned in concentration camps. Jasenovac was at the same time a death camp and a labour camp where detainees, among other things, went to work on agricultural land.
It is estimated that between 70, and , detainees were killed there. Most Croatian historians place the number of Croats killed by the Chetniks on the territory of modern-day Croatia at between 3, and 3, Croatian estimates for the number of Croats killed by Chetniks in the whole of Yugoslavia range from 18, to 32, combatants and civilians.
In , Croatian authors and linguists published a Declaration on the Status and Name of the Croatian Standard Language demanding greater autonomy for Croatian language.
As tensions rose, Croatia declared independence on 25 June However, the full implementation of declaration only came into effect on 8 October On 15 January , Croatia gained diplomatic recognition by the European Economic Community members, and subsequently the United Nations.
Following the end of the war, Croatia faced the challenges of post-war reconstruction, the return of refugees, advancing democratic principles, protection of human rights and general social and economic development.
The post period is characterized by democratization, economic growth and structural and social reforms, as well as problems such as unemployment, corruption and the inefficiency of the public administration.
Although Croatia experienced a significant boom in the economy in the early s, the increase of the government debt and the absence of concrete reforms led to a financial crisis in which forced the government to cut public spending thus provoking a public outcry.
It borders Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro to the southeast, and Slovenia to the northwest.
Part of the territory in the extreme south surrounding Dubrovnik is a practical exclave connected to the rest of the mainland by territorial waters , but separated on land by a short coastline strip belonging to Bosnia and Herzegovina around Neum.
The territory covers 56, square kilometres 21, square miles , consisting of 56, square kilometres 21, square miles of land and square kilometres 49 square miles of water.
It is the th largest country in the world. Insular Croatia consists of over a thousand islands and islets varying in size, 48 of which are permanently inhabited.
The largest islands are Cres and Krk ,  each of them having an area of around square kilometres square miles.
The hilly northern parts of Hrvatsko Zagorje and the flat plains of Slavonia in the east which is part of the Pannonian Basin are traversed by major rivers such as Danube , Drava , Kupa , and Sava.
The central and southern regions near the Adriatic coastline and islands consist of low mountains and forested highlands. Natural resources found in the country in quantities significant enough for production include oil, coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, and hydropower.
The lakes are renowned for their distinctive colours, ranging from turquoise to mint green, grey or blue. Croatia can be subdivided between a number of ecoregions because of its climate and geomorphology.
The country is consequently one of the richest in Europe in terms of biodiversity. There are four types of biogeographical regions in Croatia—Mediterranean along the coast and in its immediate hinterland, Alpine in most of Lika and Gorski Kotar, Pannonian along Drava and Danube, and continental in the remaining areas.
One of the most significant are karst habitats which include submerged karst, such as Zrmanja and Krka canyons and tufa barriers, as well as underground habitats.
The karst geology harbours approximately 7, caves and pits, some of which are the habitat of the only known aquatic cave vertebrate —the olm.
Other habitat types include wetlands, grasslands, bogs, fens, scrub habitats, coastal and marine habitats.
There are 37, known species in Croatia, but their actual number is estimated to be between 50, and , Legislation protects 1, species.
A further problem is presented by invasive alien species, especially Caulerpa taxifolia algae. The invasive algae are regularly monitored and removed to protect the benthic habitat.
Indigenous sorts of cultivated plants and breeds of domesticated animals are also numerous. Those include five breeds of horses, five breeds of cattle, eight breeds of sheep, two breeds of pigs, and a poultry breed.
Even the indigenous breeds include nine endangered or critically endangered ones. Those include eight national parks , two strict reserves, and ten nature parks.
The strict and special reserves, as well as the national and nature parks, are managed and protected by the central government, while other protected areas are managed by counties.
In , the National Ecological Network was set up, as the first step in the preparation of the EU accession and joining of the Natura network. The coldest parts of the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar where snowy forested climate is found at elevations above 1, metres 3, feet.
The warmest areas of Croatia are at the Adriatic coast and especially in its immediate hinterland characterised by the Mediterranean climate , as the temperature highs are moderated by the sea.
Consequently, temperature peaks are more pronounced in the continental areas. Mean annual precipitation ranges between millimetres 24 inches and 3, millimetres inches depending on geographic region and prevailing climate type.
However, in the latter case, it occurs mostly during the growing season. The maximum precipitation levels are observed on the Dinara mountain range and in Gorski kotar.
Prevailing winds in the interior are light to moderate northeast or southwest, and in the coastal area, prevailing winds are determined by local area features.
Higher wind velocities are more often recorded in cooler months along the coast, generally as the cool northeasterly bura or less frequently as the warm southerly jugo.
The Republic of Croatia is a unitary state using a parliamentary system of governance. With the collapse of the ruling communist party in SFR Yugoslavia, Croatia organized its first multi-party elections and adopted its present constitution in The President of the Republic Croatian: Predsjednik Republike is the head of state , directly elected to a five-year term and is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of two terms.
In addition to being the commander in chief of the armed forces, the president has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the parliament, and has some influence on foreign policy.
She took the oath of office on 15 February The Government is seated at Banski dvori in Zagreb. A unicameral parliament Sabor holds legislative power.
A second chamber , the House of Counties , set up in pursuant to the Constitution, was abolished in The number of Sabor members can vary from to ; they are all elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms.
The sessions of the Sabor take place from 15 January to 15 July, and from 15 September to 15 December. Croatia has a civil law legal system in which law arises primarily from written statutes, with judges serving merely as implementers and not creators of law.
Its development was largely influenced by German and Austrian legal systems. Croatian law is divided into two principal areas— private and public law.
By the time EU accession negotiations were completed on 30 June , Croatian legislation was fully harmonised with the Community acquis. The main national courts are the Constitutional Court , which oversees violations of the Constitution, and the Supreme Court , which is the highest court of appeal.
Lay magistrates also participate in trials. Law enforcement agencies are organised under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior which consist primarily of the national police force.
Croatia was first subdivided into counties in the Middle Ages. The traditional division of the country into counties was abolished in the s when the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and the subsequent Kingdom of Yugoslavia introduced oblasts and banovinas respectively.
Communist-ruled Croatia, as a constituent part of post-World War II Yugoslavia, abolished earlier divisions and introduced municipalities, subdividing Croatia into approximately one hundred municipalities.
Counties were reintroduced in legislation, significantly altered in terms of territory relative to the pres subdivisions. Since the counties were re-established in , Croatia is divided into 20 counties and the capital city of Zagreb , the latter having the authority and legal status of a county and a city at the same time.
Borders of the counties changed in some instances since, with the latest revision taking place in The counties subdivide into cities and municipalities.
The latter encompasses all the counties along the Adriatic coast. Croatia has established diplomatic relations with countries.
Since , Croatian foreign policy has focused on achieving the strategic goal of becoming a member state of the European Union EU. As of , Croatia has unsolved border issues with all neighbouring former Yugoslav countries Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro.
According to the constitution, the President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces and in case of immediate threat during wartime he issues orders directly to the General Staff.
Following the —95 war defence spending and CAF size have been in constant decline. As of [update] military spending was an estimated 2.
According to a presidential decree issued in the CAF is set to employ 18, active duty military personnel, 3, civilians and 2, voluntary conscripts between the ages of 18 and 30 in peacetime.
Conscientious objectors could instead opt for an eight-month civilian service. Uniforms and helmets worn by CAF soldiers are also locally produced and successfully marketed to other countries.
Croatia is classified as a high-income economy by the United Nations. Real GDP growth in was 6. In , Croatian exports were valued at The largest trading partner is the rest of the European Union.
Privatization and the drive toward a market economy had barely begun under the new Croatian Government when war broke out in As a result of the war, the economic infrastructure sustained massive damage, particularly the revenue-rich tourism industry.
From to , the GDP fell In the Corruption Perceptions Index , published by Transparency International , the country is ranked 60th with a score of 48, where zero denotes "highly corrupt" and "very clean".
The bulk of the tourist industry is concentrated along the Adriatic Sea coast. Opatija was the first holiday resort.
It first became popular in the middle of the 19th century. By the s, it had become one of the most significant European health resorts. Inland areas offer agrotourism , mountain resorts , and spas.
Zagreb is also a significant tourist destination, rivalling major coastal cities and resorts. Croatia has unpolluted marine areas reflected through numerous nature reserves and Blue Flag beaches.
It was also the first European country to develop commercial naturist resorts. By September , Croatia had completed more than 1, kilometres miles of motorways, connecting Zagreb to most other regions and following various European routes and four Pan-European corridors.
A widespread network of state roads in Croatia acts as motorway feeder roads while connecting all major settlements in the country.
The high quality and safety levels of the Croatian motorway network were tested and confirmed by several EuroTAP and EuroTest programs. Croatia has an extensive rail network spanning 2, kilometres 1, miles , including kilometres miles of electrified railways and kilometres miles of double track railways.
The busiest cargo seaport in Croatia is the Port of Rijeka and the busiest passenger ports are Split and Zadar. There are kilometres miles of crude oil pipelines in Croatia, connecting the Port of Rijeka oil terminal with refineries in Rijeka and Sisak, as well as several transhipment terminals.
With its estimated population of 4. Its population density stands at The overall life expectancy in Croatia at birth was The total fertility rate of 1.
The Croatian Bureau of Statistics forecast that the population may shrink to 3. The population decrease was also a result of the Croatian War of Independence.
During the war, large sections of the population were displaced and emigration increased. In , in predominantly occupied areas, more than , Croats were either removed from their homes by the Croatian Serb forces or fled the violence.
The Croatian government has taken care of displaced persons by the social security system, and since December through the Office of Displaced Persons and Refugees.
Most of the territories which were abandoned during the Croatian War of Independence were settled by Croat refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, mostly from north-western Bosnia, while some of the displaced people returned to their homes.
According to the United Nations report, Minority groups include Serbs 4. Croatia has no official religion. Freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution which also defines all religious communities as equal before the law and separated from the state.
According to the census, The largest religion after Christianity is Islam 1. Croatian is the official language of Croatia, and became the 24th official language of the European Union upon its accession in According to the Census, There are three major dialects spoken on the territory of Croatia, with standard Croatian based on the Shtokavian dialect.
The Chakavian and Kajkavian dialects are distinguished by their lexicon , phonology , and syntax. Croatian replaced Latin as the official language of the Croatian government in the 19th century.
Austrian German, Hungarian, Italian, and Turkish words were changed and altered to Slavic looking or sounding ones.
However, there are large municipalities that have minority languages that include substantial populations that speak these languages. Literacy in Croatia stands at In a law was passed to increase free, noncompulsory education until 18 years of age.
Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Secondary education is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools.
As of [update] , there are 2, elementary schools and schools providing various forms of secondary education. There are elementary and secondary level music and art schools , as well as schools for disabled children and youth and 74 schools for adults.
It comprises three compulsory subjects Croatian language, mathematics, and a foreign language and optional subjects and is a prerequisite for university education.
There are companies, government or education system institutions and non-profit organisations in Croatia pursuing scientific research and development of technology.
Croatia has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Hungarian-Croatian Parliament Act of , providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen.
In , annual healthcare related expenditures reached There are hundreds of healthcare institutions in Croatia, including 79 hospitals and clinics with 23, beds.
There are 63 emergency medical service units, responding to more than a million calls. The principal cause of death in was cardiovascular disease at Because of its geographical position, Croatia represents a blend of four different cultural spheres.
It has been a crossroads of influences from western culture and the east—ever since the schism between the Western Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire —and also from Mitteleuropa and Mediterranean culture.
Further activities supporting the development of culture are undertaken at the local government level. The professional theatres employ 1, artists.
There are cinemas with attendance exceeding 4. Furthermore, there are 1, libraries in the country, containing In , 7, books and brochures were published, along with 2, magazines and newspapers.
There are also radio stations and 25 TV stations operating in the country. Croatia is categorised as having established a very high level of human development in the Human Development Index , with a high degree of equality in HDI achievements between women and men.
Architecture in Croatia reflects influences of bordering nations. Austrian and Hungarian influence is visible in public spaces and buildings in the north and in the central regions, architecture found along coasts of Dalmatia and Istria exhibits Venetian influence.
The oldest preserved examples of Croatian architecture are the 9th-century churches, with the largest and the most representative among them being Church of St.
Besides the architecture encompassing the oldest artworks in Croatia, there is a long history of artists in Croatia reaching the Middle Ages. In that period the stone portal of the Trogir Cathedral was made by Radovan , representing the most important monument of Romanesque sculpture from Medieval Croatia.
With the waning of the Ottoman Empire, art flourished during the Baroque and Rococo. The 19th and the 20th centuries brought about affirmation of numerous Croatian artisans, helped by several patrons of the arts such as bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer.
The freedom of the press and the freedom of speech are guaranteed by the constitution of Croatia. Despite the provisions fixed in the constitution, freedoms of press and speech in Croatia have been classified as partly free since by Freedom House , the independent nongovernmental organisation that monitors press freedom worldwide.
The incidents were mainly perpetrated against journalists investigating war crimes and organised crime. In addition there are 21 regional or local DVB-T television channels.
There are newspapers and 2, magazines published in Croatia. Other influential newspapers are Novi list and Slobodna Dalmacija. Croatian traditional cuisine varies from one region to another.
Dalmatia and Istria draw upon culinary influences of Italian and other Mediterranean cuisines which prominently feature various seafood, cooked vegetables and pasta, as well as condiments such as olive oil and garlic.
The continental cuisine is heavily influenced by Austrian , Hungarian , and Turkish culinary styles. In that area, meats, freshwater fish and vegetable dishes are predominant.
There are two distinct wine-producing regions in Croatia. The continental region in the northeast of the country, especially Slavonia, is capable of producing premium wines, particularly whites.
Along the north coast, Istrian and Krk wines are similar to those produced in neighbouring Italy, while further south in Dalmatia, Mediterranean-style red wines are the norm.
There are more than , active sportspeople in Croatia. The Croatian Football Federation Croatian: Hrvatski nogometni savez , with more than , registered players, is the largest sporting association in the country.
In season —11, it attracted , spectators. Croatian athletes competing at international events since Croatian independence in won 44 Olympic medals , including fifteen gold medals—at the and Summer Olympics in handball , Summer Olympics in weightlifting , and Winter Olympics in alpine skiing , Summer Olympics in discus throw , trap shooting , and water polo , and in Summer Olympics in shooting , rowing , discus throw , sailing and javelin throw.
Croatian athletes also won Davis cup in and The governing sports authority in the country is the Croatian Olympic Committee Croatian: Hrvatski olimpijski odbor , founded on 10 September and recognised by the International Olympic Committee since 17 January , in time to permit the Croatian athletes to appear at the Winter Olympics in Albertville , France representing the newly independent nation for the first time at the Olympic Games.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic in Central Europe. The Roman provinces of the Lower Danube. Old historical map from Droysens Historical Atlas, History of Croatia before the Croats.
Kingdom of Croatia Habsburg and Austria-Hungary. Protected areas of Croatia. Politics of Croatia and Human rights in Croatia. Foreign relations of Croatia.
Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. Transport in Croatia and Energy in Croatia. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
Demographics of Croatia and Croats. Religion in Croatia  religion percent Roman Catholicism. Croatian language , Languages of Croatia , and Minority languages of Croatia.
Croatian art , Architecture of Croatia , and Croatian literature. Media of Croatia and Cinema of Croatia.
Croatian cuisine and Croatian wine. Repubblica di Croazia Rusyn: Istria County is Italian-speaking   while select counties bordering Serbia speak standard Serbian.
Czech , Hungarian , and Slovak. Efforts to alter the official writing system, on a local level, has drawn considerable backlash. Ministry of Justice Croatia.
Archived from the original on 1 December Retrieved 1 December Census of Population, Households and Dwellings Croatian Bureau of Statistics.
Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 20 October Retrieved 21 July United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 14 September Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 14 October Old Church Slavonic Institute.
Retrieved 15 October Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu in Croatian. In traditional fashion they accepted the guidance of an oracle, Retrieved 3 April The third Greek colony known in this central sector of the Dalmatian coast was Issa, on the north side of the island Vis.
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Retrieved 27 October History of the later Roman empire from the death of Theodosius I. Researches on the Danube and the Adriatic.
Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies. Bogoslovska smotra in Croatian. University of Zagreb, Catholic Faculty of Theology.
Radovi Zavoda za hrvatsku povijest in Croatian. Retrieved 16 October Scrinia Slavonica in Croatian. Archived from the original on 2 December